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Bureau of Indian Affairs

Department of the Interior, 1849 C Street NW., Washington, DC 20240


DIRECTOR Weldon “Bruce” Loudermilk

The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was created as part of the War Department in 1824 and transferred to the Department of the Interior when the latter was established in 1849. The BIA's mission is to fulfill its trust responsibilities and promote self-determination on behalf of federally recognized tribal governments, American Indians, and Alaska Natives. The Bureau provides services directly or through contracts, grants, and compacts to members of 566 federally recognized Indian tribes in the 48 contiguous United States and Alaska—approximately 1.9 million American Indians and Alaska Natives.

BIA programs cover the entire range of State and local government services. These programs, administered by either tribes or the Bureau, support the following activities: managing natural resources on 55 million acres of trust land, providing fire protection and emergency natural disaster relief, developing economically isolated and depressed areas of the United States, law enforcement and administrating tribal courts and detention centers, implementing land and water claim settlements, building and repairing and maintaining roads and bridges, repairing and maintaining high-hazard dams, and managing irrigation systems and agriculture on Federal Indian lands.

The BIA works with American Indian and Alaska Native tribal governments and organizations, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and other groups to develop programs and implement them effectively.

Sources of Information

Career Opportunities

BIA job opportunities, common job documents, and hiring information for American Indian and Alaska Native veterans are available online.

The BIA tweets Indian Affairs job opportunities on Twitter.

Climate Change

The Tribal Climate Resilience program mainstreams climate considerations at the project level through leadership engagement, delivery of data and tools, training, and tribal capacity building. Mainstreaming climate change considerations into all BIA activities is a high priority. Climate change will bring new challenges to Indian Country and Alaska Native Villages. The BIA serves as the lead agency to support tribes as they address changes in the climate.

Tribal Climate Resilience Resources are available online.

Estate Planning

The American Indian Probate Reform Act of 2004 (AIPRA) made many changes to the way trust or restricted land and property is inherited. It also made changes that affected land management and purchases. The BIA Web site provides information describing how AIPRA affects wills and inheritance.


A calendar of events is available online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Before submitting a written FOIA request, verify that the desired information is not already publicly available. “FOIA REQUEST" must be clearly written on the envelope, and the requester should be as specific as possible in identifying the record or records being sought. He or she should also include a brief description of the reason for the request because the Department of the Interior may use it as a basis for fee reduction or discretionary release of otherwise exempt materials. Requests made under the FOIA become part of the public record and may be placed in BIA public files. A FOIA request should be addressed to the Indian Affairs FOIA Officer, Assistant Secretary–Indian Affairs, 1849 C Street NW., MS 3070–MIB, Washington, DC 20240. Phone, 202-208-3135 or 202-208-5097. Fax, 202-208-6597. | Email:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The BIA posts answers to FAQs on its Web site.

The BIA Web site also features a "How Do I" informational Web page.


An online document library features frequently requested documents and links.


The BIA posts joint statements, statements, and other news items on its Web site.

The BIA maintains a social media presence on Facebook.­Indian­Affairs­211979362167761

Regional Offices

Contact information for the 12 BIA regional offices is available online.

Site Map

The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.

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