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Bureau of Land Management

Department of the Interior, 1849 C Street NW., Washington, DC 20240



The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) was established July 16, 1946, by the consolidation of the General Land Office (created, 1812) and the Grazing Service (formed, 1934).

The Bureau sustains the diversity, health, and productivity of America's public lands for the benefit of present and future generations through a mandate of multiple-use and sustained-yield. It manages 1 of every 10 acres of land across the United States, about 245 million acres of land, most of which is located in Alaska and 11 other Western States. The Bureau also manages about 30 percent or 700 million acres of the Nation’s subsurface mineral estate. The Bureau oversees conventional and renewable energy development, livestock grazing, recreation, and timber harvesting, and it protects cultural, historical, and natural resources. Many of these resources are found on National Conservation Lands, a subset of BLM lands that are federally designated, that cover 32 million acres, and that include 223 wilderness areas and 25 national monuments.

BLM management responsibilities and activities are broad in scope and diverse. It manages Federal onshore coal, gas, and oil operations—and also vast stretches of public lands that will play a significant role in the Nation's emerging renewable energy portfolio. The BLM is already 75 percent of the way to reaching President Obama's Climate Action Plan goal of approving projects that will generate 20,000 megawatts of renewable energy by 2020. The Bureau also contributes to wildland fire management to protect the public and the Nation's natural resource landscape, recreational areas, and wildlife habitat.

The Bureau manages livestock on 155 million acres of land, administering nearly 18,000 permits and leases held by ranchers who graze mostly cattle and sheep. Under the Wild Free-­Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, it also manages herds of wild horses and burros on public rangelands.

Recreation is also part of the BLM's portfolio. Birdwatchers, campers, hang gliders, horseback riders, hunters, mountain bikers, photographers, whitewater rafters, and visitors to cultural and natural heritage sites recreate on hundreds of millions of acres of public lands. The Bureau estimates that it receives approximately 62 million recreational visits per year.

The Bureau's broad management responsibilities require balancing public land uses and protection of public land resources. Working with State and local and tribal governments, stakeholder groups, and the public, the BLM creates land use plans, referred to as Resource Management Plans, to guide decisions for approved uses of and actions affecting public lands.

Sources of Information

Adoption Schedule

The BLM offers wild horses and burros for adoption or purchase at events nationwide throughout the year. The most current adoption event schedule is accessible online.

Business Opportunities

The National Operations Center in Denver, Colorado, and the Oregon/Washington State Office handle most procurements over $150,000 and also award and administer all Indefinite Delivery / Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contracts that are national in scope.

Government contracting and financial assistance information and resources for small businesses are available online.

Career Opportunities

The BLM relies on people with diverse skills and professional backgrounds—administration and management, biological sciences, business services, cadastral survey and geological sciences, fire and aviation, law and realty, petroleum engineering, and more—to carry out its mission.


Information on BLM Pathways programs for students and recent graduates is available online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Instructions to submit a FOIA request for agency records are available on the BLM Web site.


General Land Office Records

The General Land Office Records Automation Web site provides access to Federal land conveyance records for the Public Land States, including image access to more than five million Federal land title records issued between 1820 and the present. The Web site also has survey plat- and field note-related images that date back to 1810. Please note: The Web site does not currently contain every Federal title record issued for the Public Land States.

Reading Rooms

State offices provide facilities where visitors may examine status records, tract books, and other records of public lands and their resources.


The National Conservation Lands program offers online recreational guides for a convenient connection to public lands.

The BLM Web site provides resources for mountain bikers. These resources include the BLM Top 20 Mountain Biking Opportunities list and interactive mountain biking maps for trails on BLM lands.

Renewable Energy

The BLM Web site features a table that contains the locations and other details of the renewable energy projects approved since 2009 on public lands.

Site Maps

An index of BLM site maps is available online. A site map allows Internet visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.


Upon request from organizations within their areas of jurisdiction, local offices will arrange for speakers to explain BLM programs.


Public Land Statistics documents according to year and starting with 1996 are accessible online.

Tables and spreadsheets with data that include the numbers of BLM-administered oil and gas leases, of applications for permit to drill, and of oil and gas wells are accessible on the BLM Web site. Most of the statistics presented cover Fiscal Years 1988–2015.

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