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Department of Energy

1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20585



Deputy Secretary / Chief Operating OfficerVacant

Associate Deputy SecretaryVacant
Chief of StaffBrian McCormack
Inspector GeneralApril Stephenson, Acting

Administrator, U.S. Energy Information AdministrationHoward Gruenspecht, Acting
Assistant Secretary, Congressional and Intergovernmental AffairsShari Davenport, Acting
Assistant Secretary, International AffairsAndrea Lockwood, Acting
Chief Financial OfficerAlison Doone, Acting
Director, Advanced Research Projects Agency–EnergyEric Rohlfing, Acting
Director, Energy Policy and System AnalysisCarol Battershell, Acting
Director, Enterprise AssessmentGlenn S. Podonsky
Director, Intelligence and CounterintelligenceSteven Black
Director, Public AffairsRobert Haus
Director, Small and Disadvantaged Business UtilizationChristy Jackiewicz, Acting
Executive Director, Loan Programs OfficeJohn Sneed
General CounselJohn Lucas, Designated by POTUS
OmbudsmanRita Franklin


Assistant Secretary, Environmental ManagementSusan Cange, Acting
Under SecretaryMatthew Moury, Acting
Deputy Under SecretaryVacant

Associate Under Secretary, Environment, Health, Safety and SecurityAndrew Lawrence, Acting
Chief Human Capital OfficerTonya Mackey, Acting
Chief Information OfficerStephen Everett
Director, Economic Impact and DiversityAndre Sayles, Acting
Director, Hearing and AppealsPoli Marmolejos
Director, Legacy ManagementCarmelo Melendez
Director, ManagementIngrid Kolb
Director, Project Management Oversight and AssessmentPaul Bosco

Under SecretaryPatricia A. Hoffman, Designated by POTUS
Deputy Under SecretaryVacant

Assistant Secretary, Electricity Delivery and Energy ReliabilityPatricia A. Hoffman, Acting
Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and Renewable EnergyDaniel Simmons, Acting
Assistant Secretary, Fossil EnergyDouglas Hollett, Acting
Assistant Secretary, Nuclear EnergyEdward McGinnis, Acting
Director, Indian Energy Policy and ProgramsWilliam Bradford
Director, ScienceSteve Binkley, Acting
Director, Technology TransitionsRochelle Blaustein, Acting


Under Secretary, Nuclear Security / Administrator, National Nuclear Security AdministrationLt. General Frank G. Klotz, USAF (retired)
Principal Deputy Administrator, National Nuclear SecurityWilliam White, Designated by POTUS

Deputy Under Secretary, Counterterrorism and CounterproliferationJay Tilden

Deputy Administrator, Defense Nuclear NonproliferationDavid Huizenga, Acting
Deputy Administrator, Defense ProgramsPhilip Calbos, Acting
Deputy Administrator, Naval ReactorsAdm. James F. Caldwell, Jr., USN
Associate Administrator, Emergency OperationsEric Smith, Acting

Associate Administrator, Defense Nuclear SecurityJeffrey Johnson
Associate Administrator Safety, Infrastructure and OperationsJames McConnell
Associate Administrator, Counterterrorism and CounterproliferationJay Tilden

The Department of Energy addresses the Nation's energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges, using transformative science and technology to ensure national security and prosperity.

Organizational Chart

The Department of Energy (DOE) was established by the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131), effective October 1, 1977, pursuant to Executive Order 12009 of September 13, 1977. The act consolidated the major Federal energy functions into one Cabinet-level department.


The Secretary decides major energy policy and planning issues; acts as the principal spokesperson for the Department; and ensures effective communication and working relationships with the public and with Federal, State, local, and tribal governments. The Secretary also serves as the President's principal adviser on energy policies, plans, and programs.

Enterprise Assessments

The Office of Enterprise Assessments functions as an autonomous organization that assesses nuclear and industrial safety performance, cyber and physical security performance, and other critical functions as directed by the Secretary and his or her leadership team. The Office implements congressionally-mandated enforcement functions, manages the National Training Center, serves as an important check-and-balance that meets the DOE's self-regulating responsibilities.

Environment, Health, Safety, and Security

The Office of the Associate Under Secretary for Environment, Health, Safety and Security increases the effectiveness and efficiency of DOE primary mission-support organizations and initiates enterprisewide responses to common, widespread challenges. The Office serves as the central organization responsible for health, safety, environment, and security and for coordinating and integrating these vital programs. It develops policy and assists with technical matters, provides safety analysis, and oversees corporate safety and security programs.

Intelligence and Counterintelligence

The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence safeguards national security information and technologies that comprise intellectual property of incalculable value. The Office has the ability to leverage the Department's scientific and technological expertise to assist policymakers, as well as national security missions in cyber, energy, and homeland security, and in defense and intelligence.

Operations, Field, and Site Offices

The Administration of Government-owned, contractor-operated facility contracts is the principal responsibility of the operations, field, and site offices. Contractors who operate Government-owned facilities do most of the DOE's energy and physical research and development, environmental restoration, and waste management.

Department operations offices act as a formal link between Department headquarters and the field laboratories and other operating facilities. They manage programs and projects that the lead headquarters program offices assign. The appropriate assistant secretary, office director, or program officer provides daily, specific program direction for the operations offices. He or she also provides management guidance and coordination for and oversight of them and the field and site offices.

Project Management Oversight and Assessments

The Office of Project Management Oversight and Assessments is the Department of Energy’s central management organization providing leadership and assistance in developing and implementing departmentwide policies, procedures, programs, and management systems pertaining to project management, and independently monitors, assesses, and reports on project execution performance.


Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy

The Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy (ARPA–E) advances high-potential, high-impact energy technologies before they attract private-sector investment. ARPA-E awardees pursue new ways of generating, storing, and using energy. The Agency focuses on transformational energy projects that can be advanced with a small investment over a defined period of time. A streamlined awards process allows quick action to stimulate cutting-edge energy research.

Efficiency and Renewable Energy

The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy leads the Department's efforts to develop and deliver market-driven solutions for sustainable transportation, renewable electricity generation, and energy-saving homes, buildings, and manufacturing. It supports research and development and technology transfer activities to improve energy efficiency in the transportation, building, industrial, and utility sectors. The Office also administers programs providing financial assistance for State energy planning, weatherizing homes owned by the poor and disadvantaged, implementing State and local energy conservation initiatives, and promoting energy efficient construction and renovation of Federal facilities.

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability comprises five divisions: Advanced Grid Integration, Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis, Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration, National Electricity Delivery, and Power Systems Engineering Research and Development. It promotes electric grid modernization and energy infrastructure resiliency and leads the Department's efforts to ensure a resilient, reliable, and flexible electricity system.

Energy Information

The Energy Information Administration collects, processes, and disseminates data on energy consumption, demand, distribution, production, resource reserves, and technology. It also helps government and nongovernment energy users understand trends by offering analyses of the data.

Fossil Energy

The Office of Fossil Energy is responsible for Federal research, development, and demonstration efforts on advanced carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, as well as the development of technological solutions for the prudent and sustainable development of our unconventional oil and gas domestic resources. It also manages the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, both key emergency response tools available to the President to protect Americans from energy supply disruptions.

Indian Energy Policy and Programs

The Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs coordinates, directs, fosters, and implements energy planning, education, management, and programs to assist Tribes with energy development, capacity building, energy infrastructure, energy costs, and electrification of Indian lands and homes. The Office works within the Department, across Government agencies, and with tribes and organizations to promote Indian energy policies and initiatives.

Loan Programs Office

The Loan Programs Office accelerates the domestic commercial deployment of innovative and advanced clean energy technologies at a scale that contributes significantly to achieving national clean energy objectives: enhanced American global economic competitiveness, job creation, reduced dependency on foreign oil, and an improved environmental legacy. It fulfills this mission by guaranteeing loans to eligible clean energy projects and by providing direct loans to eligible manufacturers of advanced technology vehicles and components. | Email:

Nuclear Energy

The Office of Nuclear Energy advances nuclear power as a resource capable of meeting the Nation's energy, environmental, and national security needs. It relies on research, development, and demonstration to resolve barriers of cost, proliferation resistance, safety, security, and technology. Four research objectives guide the Office's efforts: developing technologies and other solutions to improve the reliability, maintain the safety, and extend the life of current reactors; making new reactors more affordable so that nuclear energy can play a bigger role in meeting energy security and climate change goals; developing sustainable fuel cycles; and understanding and minimizing the risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism.


The Office of Science delivers scientific discoveries and tools to transform our understanding of nature and to advance national security, including the Nation's economic and energy security. The Office is the lead Federal agency supporting fundamental scientific research for energy and the Nation's largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences. It supports scientific research and the development, construction, and operation of open-access, state-of-the-art facilities for researchers. For example, it supports research in all 50 States and the District of Columbia—at DOE laboratories and more than 300 universities and institutions of higher learning nationwide.

Technology Transitions

The Office of Technology Transitions oversees and advances the DOE's mission by expanding the commercial impact of its portfolio of research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities in the short, medium, and long term. The Office develops the Department's policy and vision for expanding the commercial results of its research investments, and it streamlines information and access to DOE's national labs and sites to foster partnerships that will move innovations from the labs into the marketplace.


Environmental Management

The Office of Environmental Management completes the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy after decades of nuclear weapons development and Government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Office adheres to a mission philosophy based on reducing risk and reducing environmental liability. Current activities include fulfilling commitments to lower risk and complete cleanup across all sites; constructing and operating facilities treating radioactive liquid tank waste in a safe, stable form; securing and storing nuclear material in a safe, stable manner in secure locations; transporting and disposing transuranic and low-level wastes in a safe, cost-effective way; decontaminating and decommissioning facilities without further value; remediating soil and ground water containing radioactive and hazardous contaminants; and planning a facility to manage and store mercury.

Legacy Management

The Office of Legacy Management manages DOE post-closure responsibilities and ensures the future protection of human health and the environment. The Office has control and custody for legacy land, structures, and facilities that it maintains at levels consistent with DOE long-term plans. Its activities include protecting human health and the environment through long-term surveillance and maintenance; preserving, protecting, and making accessible legacy records and information; supporting a workforce structured to accomplish DOE missions; implementing departmental policy affecting continuity of worker pension and medical benefits; managing legacy land and assets with an emphasis on safety, reuse, and disposition; mitigating community impacts from the cleanup of legacy waste and changing departmental missions; and coordinating policy issues with appropriate departmental organizations.


Defense Programs

The Office of Defense Programs ensures that the U.S. nuclear arsenal meets national security requirements and continues to serve as a deterrent. In partnership with the Department of Defense, the Office provides the research, development, secure transportation, and production activities necessary to support the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile.

Naval Nuclear Propulsion

The Naval Reactors Office administers the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, which provides militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and maintains their operational safety, reliability, and longevity. This program relies on trained U.S. Navy personnel, fast and stealthy ships, and supply-chain independence to carry out its mission.

Nuclear Nonproliferation

The Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation works closely with a range of international partners, U.S. Federal agencies, the U.S. national laboratories, and the private sector. It secures and safeguards or disposes of dangerous nuclear and radiological material and monitors and controls the proliferation of weapons-of-mass-destruction technology and expertise.

Nuclear Security Administration

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) was created by Congress through the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (113 Stat. 512) to bring focus to the management of the Nation's defense nuclear security programs. Three existing organizations within the Department of Energy—Defense Programs, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, and Naval Reactors—were combined into a new, separately managed agency, headed by an Administrator who reports to the Secretary of Energy. The NNSA seeks to strengthen national security through military application of nuclear energy and by reducing the global threat from terrorism and weapons of mass destruction.

The Administration's service center and eight site offices provide operations oversight and contract administration for NNSA site activities. Federally-run site offices oversee the management and operating contractors for each of NNSA's eight sites. These offices provide the necessary communication between Federal and contractor employees as well as oversight to improve management procedures.


The Department's four Power Administrations market and transmit electric power produced at Federal hydroelectric projects and reservoirs. The Deputy Secretary provides management oversight of the Power Administrations.

Bonneville Power Administration

The Bonneville Power Administration is a nonprofit federal power marketing administration based in the Pacific Northwest. Although BPA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy, it is self-funding and covers its costs by selling its products and services. BPA markets wholesale electrical power from 31 federal hydroelectric projects in the Northwest, one nonfederal nuclear plant and several small nonfederal power plants. BPA promotes energy efficiency, renewable resources and new technologies that improve its ability to deliver on its mission. It also funds regional efforts to protect and rebuild fish and wildlife populations affected by hydropower development in the Columbia River Basin. BPA is committed to public service and makes its decisions with input from all stakeholders. BPA dedicates itself to providing high system reliability, low rates consistent with sound business principles, environmental stewardship, and accountability.

Southeastern Power Administration

This Administration transmits and disposes of surplus electric power and energy generated at reservoir projects in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

It sets the lowest possible rates for consumers consistent with sound business practices and gives preference to public entities.

Southwestern Power Administration

This Administration sells and disposes of electric power and energy in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas.

It transmits and disposes of the electric power and energy generated at Federal reservoir projects, supplemented by power purchased from public and private utilities, in such a manner as to encourage the most widespread and economical use. It sets the lowest possible rates for consumers consistent with sound business practices and gives preference to public entities. It also conducts and participates in the comprehensive planning of water resource development in the Southwest.

Western Area Power Administration

WAPA markets and transmits wholesale electricity from multi-use water projects. Its service area encompasses a 15-state region of the central and western U.S. where more than 17,000 circuit mile transmission system carries electricity from 56 hydropower plants operated by the Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the International Boundary and Water Commission. WAPA also markets power from the Navajo Generating Station coal-fired plant near Page, Ariz. Together, these plants have an installed capacity of 10,504 megawatts. WAPA sells power to preference customers such as Federal and state agencies, cities and towns, rural electric cooperatives, public utility districts, irrigation districts and Native American tribes. In turn, they provide retail electric service to millions of consumers in the West.

Sources of Information

Business Opportunities

To learn about the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization and its mission or to find information on the services that it offers and its programs, visit the Office's Web site. Phone, 202-586-7377. | Email:

Useful external links for small businesses are available on the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization's Web site.


The DOE offers career opportunities that span a broad, diverse range of professions: accounting and contracting, administration, business, communications and information technology, computer science, engineering, mathematics, national security and international affairs, public affairs, science and technology, and more. Most Federal jobs require U.S. citizenship; however, noncitizens may apply for some opportunities at the National Laboratories.

Information on opportunities for students and recent graduates, veterans, and those with disabilities is available on the DOE Web site. For more information, contact the Chief Human Capital Officer. Phone, 202-586-1234.

Energy Saver

Energy Saver is the DOE's consumer resource on saving energy and using renewable energy technologies at home.

When deciding whether or not to invest in more energy efficiency, consumers can benefit from knowing electricity usages and the associated costs. The online energy use calculator estimates annual energy use and costs associated with operating appliances and home electronics.

Energy Simulation Software

EnergyPlus is cross-platform, free, and open-source software that runs on the Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux operating systems. It is a whole building energy simulation program that architects, engineers, and researchers use to model energy consumption and water use in buildings. The DOE's Building Technologies Office funded the development of EnergyPlus, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory manages it.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The Office of Information Resources administers policies, procedures, and programs to ensure DOE compliance with the FOlA. The DOE provides resources on its Web site to assist information seekers with finding answers to questions about DOE programs and with locating information that is already publicly available and does not require a FOIA request to access. Information seekers should use these resources before submitting a FOIA request for DOE records.

Contact information for FOIA requester service centers and FOIA public liaisons and officers is available online. | Email:

The DOE Web site features an electronic FOIA request form.


The Bioenergy Technologies Office maintains an online biomass glossary. Its short descriptions are intended to help students and researchers understand biomass terminology.

The waterpower program maintains an online hydropower glossary. It is intended to help readers understand terminology associated with hydroturbine and hydropower plant components.


The DOE history timeline provides the public with easy access to information on the Department's history and its predecessor agencies. The timeline includes links to press releases, reports, speeches, and other documentation.


The DOE Web site features maps depicting a variety of energy-related topics and trends: alternative fueling stations, carbon capture, climate vulnerabilities, per capita energy expenditure, renewable energy production, solar energy potential, and more.

National Laboratories

For more than 60 years, these Laboratories have been leading institutions for scientific innovation in the United States. To learn more about the Ames Laboratory, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, and the other 14 National Laboratories, visit the DOE's "About the National Labs" Web page.


The DOE posts news stories, photos, speeches, and videos on its Web site, which also features a blog.

The DOE's online photo galleries are diverse and extensive, as well as captivating for browsers who have an interest in America's energy future.

An online subscription form is available to sign up for DOE advisories and press releases.

Office of Inspector General (OIG)

The OIG maintains electronic and telephone hotlines to facilitate the reporting of allegations of abuse, fraud, mismanagement, or waste in DOE programs or operations. Phone, 202-586-4073 or 800-541-1625. | Email:

An online complaint form for reporting allegations is also available on the OIG Web site.

The early alert system is a distribution list used to inform subscribers of significant press releases, publications, and reports the moment that the OIG posts them online. Subscription is free and available to anyone who has an email address and an interest in the OIG's work. | Email:

Open Government

The DOE supports the Open Government initiative to create a more open and transparent Government by promoting the principles of collaboration, participation, and transparency. | Email:


A departmentwide phonebook with a text box for entering search requests is available on the DOE Web site.

Program and Staff Offices

The "Offices" Web page features links to the program and staff offices' Web sites. It also includes links to the Web sites of the laboratories and technology centers, power marketing administrations, field sites, and Energy Information and National Nuclear Security Administrations.

Renewable Energy

The steady expansion of the U.S. renewable energy sector indicates that a clean energy revolution is underway nationwide. The DOE Web site features charts that graphically illustrates trends that will shape America's energy future.

Scientific and Technical Information

The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) advances science and sustains technological creativity by making research and development findings available to and useful for DOE researchers and the public. The OSTI Web site provides access to DOE science resources and to U.S. Federal science ( and global science ( information.

Social Media

The DOE tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.

The DOE has a Facebook page.

For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs, Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20585. Phone, 202-586-4940.

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

888 First Street NE., Washington, DC 20426


CHAIRJames Danly

Richard Glick

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission helps consumers obtain efficient, reliable, and sustainable energy services at fair and reasonable rates through regulatory and market means.

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is an independent agency within the Department of Energy that regulates the interstate transmission of electricity, natural gas, and oil. The Commission comprises five members whom the President appoints with the advice and consent of the Senate. FERC Commissioners serve 5-year terms and have an equal vote on regulatory matters. The President designates one member to serve as both the Commission's Chair and its administrative head.

Under the authority of the Federal Power, the Natural Gas, and the Interstate Commerce Acts, the FERC regulates the interstate transmission of electricity, natural gas, and oil. That authority also includes review of proposals to build interstate natural gas pipelines, natural gas storage facilities, and liquefied natural gas terminals, and licensing of nonfederal hydropower dams.

The FERC enforces regulatory requirements by imposing civil penalties and other means, monitors and investigates energy markets, and protects the reliability of the high voltage interstate transmission system through mandatory reliability standards.

Sources of Information

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that FERC records have been assigned to record group 138.

Career Opportunities

The FERC relies on accountants and auditors, attorneys, economists, energy industry analysts, engineers, environmental biologists, human resources specialists, information technology specialists, management analysts, and other professionals to carry out its mission.

In 2019, the FERC ranked 1st among 25 midsize Government agencies in the Partnership for Public Service's Best Places To Work Agency Rankings!

Contact Information

Email addresses and phone and fax numbers are available on the "Key Contacts" web page.

Data Sources

The FERC posts sources of data on its website.

Document Classes Table

The FERC has a critical energy/electric infrastructure information (CEII) related document classes table on its website.

Federal Register

Significant documents and documents that the FERC recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

FERC Online

This electronic portal to dockets and documents provides an easy and efficient way to communicate and to do business with the FERC.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The FOIA gives a person the right to request public access to Federal agency records and information. The agency must release the records upon receiving a written FOIA request, except in cases that one of nine FOIA exemptions or one of three FOIA exclusions shields the records or parts of them from disclosure. | Email:

The FERC maintains an electronic reading room. Before submitting a formal FOIA request in writing, an information seeker should review the contents of the reading room to determine whether or not the information or record that they seek has been released in the public domain.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The FERC posts answers to FAQs.


The FERC maintains a glossary of terms that are frequently used on its website.

The FERC maintains a market assessments glossary.

The FERC maintains an online list of acronyms and initialisms.

News Releases

The FERC posts news releases and headlines.

Public Participation

Citizens who may be affected by a proposed natural gas or hydroelectric project that the Commission regulates have certain rights. These rights range from seeing project correspondence to becoming an intervener and appealing FERC decisions in Federal court.

Request a Speaker

The FERC website has an electronic form on its "Speaker Request" web page.

Site Map

The website map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.

Social Media

The FERC has a Facebook account.

The FERC tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.

The FERC posts videos on its YouTube channel.

The Sources of Information were updated 12–2020.