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Government Publishing Office

732 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC 20401


DIRECTORHugh N. Halpern
Deputy DirectorPatricia Collins

Equal Employment Opportunity Managing DirectorS. Denise Hendricks



AcquisitionTimothy J. Matthews
Human CapitalDan M. Mielke
InformationWesam Musa





Associate General Counsel—Labor RelationsMelissa Hatfield



Official Journals of GovernmentGregory Estep, Acting
Plant OperationsJohn W. Crawford
Security and Intelligent DocumentsStephen G. LeBlanc
Customer ServicesSandra K. MacAfee

Public Access

Public Access

Library Services and Content Management Managing DirectorLaurie Hall

Publications and Information Sales ChiefLisa L. Williams

Security Services

Security Services



TechnologyRichard G. Davis
Public RelationsGary Somerset

Congressional RelationsJames McCarthy
Employee CommunicationsGary Somerset
Inspector GeneralMichael P. Leary

The Government Publishing Office produces, procures, and disseminates printed and electronic publications of the Congress, executive departments, and Federal agencies and establishments


On June 23, 1860, the U.S. Congress passed Joint Resolution 25 in "Relation to the Public Printing" (12 Stat. 117). It empowered the Superintendent of Public Printing to execute the printing and binding that the Senate and House of Representatives, the executive and judicial departments, and the Court of Claims authorized. It also directed the Superintendent "to contract for the erection or purchase of the necessary buildings, machinery, and materials for that purpose." The Government Printing Office opened for business on March 4, 1861, the same day that President Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office and a few weeks after the first salvo of the American Civil War.

On December 17, 2014, President Barack Obama approved Public Law 113–235, which is commonly cited as the "Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015." Section 1301 of that law (128 Stat. 2537) redesignated the Government Printing Office as the Government Publishing Office (GPO). Congress changed the name to reflect the prominent role that the GPO plays in providing access to Government information in digital formats.

By the advice of the Senate, the President nominates "a suitable person" as the Director; with its consent, the President appoints him or her "to take charge of and manage" the agency (44 U.S.C. 301).

The agency's organizational chart is available in Portable Document Format (PDF) for viewing and downloading on the "Leadership" web page.


Duties of the GPO are defined in 44 U.S.C.


Headquartered in Washington, DC, with a total employment of approximately 1,580, the Office is responsible for the production and distribution of information products and services for the three branches of the Federal Government. It is the Federal Government's primary centralized resource for producing, procuring, cataloging, indexing, authenticating, disseminating, and preserving the official information products of the U.S. Government in digital and tangible forms.

While many of the informational products, such as the "Congressional Record" and "Federal Register," are produced at the main GPO plant, most of the Government's printing is done in partnership with America's printing industry. The Office procures 75 percent of all printing orders through private sector vendors across the country, competitively buying products and services from thousands of businesses in all 50 States. The contracts cover the entire spectrum of printing and publishing services and are suitable for companies of all sizes.

The agency disseminates Federal information products through a sales program, a nationwide distribution network of Federal depository libraries, the Federal Digital System (FDsys), and the free U.S. Government information service known as govinfo, which is replacing FDsys. The public can already access hundreds of thousands of Federal Government document titles by visiting the govinfo website.

Sources of Information

Annual Reports / Budget Submissions

An annual report archives and budget submission archives are available on the "Congressional Relations" web page.

Archived Records

The records of the GPO are referenced in the "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States." The Guide is accessible online, and GPO records have been assigned to Record Group 149.

Ben's Guide

An educational website for children and young adults, Ben's Guide has learning adventures for the apprentice level (ages 4–8), journeyperson level (ages 9–13), and master level (ages 14 and older).


"Government Book Talk" offers reviews of new and popular publications, talking about forthcoming and out-of-print books. The blog spotlights the variety of Government publications that are available and the scope of their influence.


Printed copies of many documents, ranging from Supreme Court opinions to reports from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, may be purchased. To order in person, visit the GPO Main Bookstore at 710 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC (corner of North Capitol Street NW. and G Street), 8 a.m.–4 p.m. To order online, use the link below. To order by phone or inquire about an order, call 866-512-1800 or 202-512-1800 (Washington, DC–metropolitan area), 8 a.m.–5:30 p.m., eastern standard time. All orders require prepayment by an American Express, Discover/NOVUS, MasterCard, or VISA credit card; check or money order; or Superintendent of Documents (SOD) deposit account, which customers who purchase Government products on a recurring basis can open with the GPO. Fax, 202-512-2104. | Email:

Business Opportunities

GPO procurement services teams post open term contract and one-time bid solicitations online.

Small purchase solicitations are posted on the "Quick Quote" website.

Career Opportunities

The GPO provides other Government agencies with services for the printing, publishing, distribution, and storage of digital content. To deliver these services successfully, it relies on creative, energetic, and talented professionals representing diverse trades and administrative fields.

Catalog of U.S. Government Publications (CGP)

The CGP is a searchable Federal publications catalog that contains descriptive information on recent and historical publications, as well as links to some complete documents. Users may search the catalog by agency, keywords, subject, and title.

Congressional Record

The "Congressional Record" (CR) is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the U.S. Congress. When the U.S. Congress is in session, it is published daily. The CR's publication history started in 1873 and continues to the present. The first link leads to CR bound editions from 1873 to 2016.

CR electronic editions 1994–2022

Congressional Relations

The Office of Congressional Relations responds to congressional inquiries and requests. Phone, 202-512-1991. Fax, 202-512-1293.

Contact Information

The "Contact Us" web page is laden with hyperlinked resources. An electronic form allows various categories of online visitors to submit an inquiry to GPO staff.

Contact information for nationwide offices and the Laurel, MD, and Pueblo, CO, distribution centers is available on the GPO website.

Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP)

Libraries that participate in the FDLP maintain a basic collection of key sources of information for supporting the general public's right to know about the essential activities and workings of the Federal Government.

Federal Lawmaking

An outline of the Federal lawmaking process—starting with the introduction of a bill by a Member of the Congress, continuing through its passage by both Chambers, and culminating in the President's approval—is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF).

Federal Register

Documents that the GPO recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.


Free public access to the full text of official publications from the three branches of the Federal Government is available at govinfo. The website also serves as a standards-compliant preservation repository, offers advanced search engine capabilities, and functions as a content management system to control digital content throughout its lifecycle.


The GPO opened for business several weeks before Confederate artillery opened fire on a Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Within 18 months of the first salvo, the GPO had readied one of the most significant documents in American history for President Abraham Lincoln's signature. To learn more about the 1862 war order that acted as a precursor to the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, watch the video "Lincoln and His Printers: GPO in the Civil War."

A GPO timeline and short history of making electronic Government information accessible to the public is available online.

Media Kit

The GPO media kit contains links to access resources and to download information that may be useful for reporters and Federal agency customers. It also has a list of links providing easy access to the agency's social media sites. For additional information, contact the Public Relations team. Phone, 202-512-1957.

News / Press Releases

The GPO posts the latest news and maintains a news archive, from 1997 to the present, on its website. Phone, 202-512-1957. Fax, 202-512-1998.


The Office of the Inspector General from the GPO posts reports and data on, a text-searchable repository of reports that Federal Inspectors General publish. The Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency operates and maintains the website to increase public access to independent and authoritative information on the Federal Government.

Social Media

The GPO maintains a presence on six social media sites: Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, and Pinterest. Links to these sites are listed together in one location on the "Media Kit" web page.

Style Manual

An official guide to the form and style of Federal Government publishing is available online.