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Department of the Treasury

1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20220


Deputy Secretary of the TreasuryAdewale O. Adeyemo

Chief of StaffDidem Nisanci


Domestic Finance(vacancy)
International Affairs(vacancy)
Terrorism and Financial Intelligence(vacancy)
Treasurer of the United StatesJovita Carranza


Economic Policy(vacancy)
Legislative AffairsBrad Bailey, Acting
Public AffairsCalvin Mitchell
Tax Policy(vacancy)

Financial Institutions PolicyKipp Kranbuhl, Acting
Financial Markets(vacancy)
Financial Stability(vacancy)
Fiscal ServiceDavid A. Lebryk

International FinanceGeoffrey Okamoto, Acting
International Markets(vacancy)

Foreign Asset Control(vacancy)
Intelligence and Analysis(vacancy)
Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes(vacancy)


RiskKenneth J. Phelan

General Counsel(vacancy)


DeputyRichard K. Delmar


Pandemic RecoveryBrian D. Miller
Troubled Asset Relief ProgramChristy G. Romero


Tax AdministrationJ. Russell George

The Department of the Treasury enforces financial laws, manufactures coins and currency, and recommends economic, fiscal, and tax policies.


On September 2, 1789, a few months after taking his oath of office as the Nation's first President, George Washington signed into law an act establishing a Department of Treasury. Subsequent acts have figured in the development of the Department, delegating new duties to its charge and establishing the numerous bureaus and divisions that constitute today's Department of the Treasury.

The Department of the Treasury's organizational structure has two major components: departmental offices and operating bureaus. Departmental offices are primarily responsible for the formulation of policy and management of the Department as a whole. Operating bureaus carry out the specific operations that have been assigned to the Department.

The Department's organizational chart is posted on the "Organizational Structure" web page.


Codified statutory material affecting the Department of the Treasury has been assigned to Chapter 3 of 31 U.S.C. That chapter of Title 31 is divided into two subchapters: "Subchapter I—Organization" runs from section 301 to 315; "Subchapter II—Administrative" runs from section 321 to 333.

Codified rules and regulations that affect money and finance and that are associated with the Department of the Treasury have been assigned to "Subtitle A—Office of the Secretary of the Treasury" and "Subtitle B—Regulations Relating to Money and Finance" of 31 CFR.


As a major policy adviser to the President, the Secretary recommends domestic and international financial, economic, and tax policy; formulates broad fiscal policies that have general significance for the economy; and manages the public debt. The Secretary oversees the activities of the Department in carrying out its major law enforcement responsibility; in serving as the financial agent for the U.S. Government; and in manufacturing coins, currency, and other products for customer agencies. The Secretary also acts as the Government's chief financial officer.

Domestic Finance

The Office of Domestic Finance maintains confidence in the U.S. Treasury market, manages Federal fiscal operations, and strengthens financial institutions and markets; promotes access to credit; and improves financial access and education in service of America’s long-term economic strength and stability.

Economic Policy

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy helps policymakers determine economic policies. The Office analyzes domestic and international economic issues and developments in the financial markets, assists in forming official economic projections, and works closely with Federal Government agencies to make economic forecasts supporting the yearly budget process.


The Department's law enforcement activities are carried out by its offices and bureaus, including the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, the Internal Revenue Service, and the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI). The Office of Foreign Assets Control, which is part of the TFI, plays a key role in controlling the assets of "blocked" countries in the United States and restricting the flow of funds and trade with them.

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

Internal Revenue Service

Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence

Financial Institutions

The Office of Financial Institutions coordinates the Department’s efforts regarding financial institutions legislation and regulation, legislation affecting Federal agencies that regulate or insure financial institutions, and securities markets legislation and regulation. The Office also coordinates the Department’s financial education policy efforts and ensures the resiliency of the financial services sector.

Financial Markets

The Office of Financial Markets serves to formulate policy on Federal debt management, State and local finance (including the Federal debt), Federal Government credit policies, and lending and privatization. This Office also oversees the Federal Financing Bank, and the Assistant Secretary serves as the senior member of the Treasury Financing Group and coordinates the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets.

Financial Stability

The Office of Financial Stability within the U.S. Treasury was created by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (12 U.S.C. 5201 et seq.) to administer the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The purpose of the TARP was to help restore liquidity and stability to the U.S. financial system following the 2008 financial crisis. The Treasury's authority to make financial commitments under TARP ended on October 3, 2010. The Office continues to wind down the TARP investments in a manner that balances exit speed with maximizing taxpayer returns. It also helps homeowners prevent avoidable foreclosures.

Fiscal Affairs

The Office of the Fiscal Assistant Secretary provides policy oversight of the Fiscal Service bureaus and develops policy on payments, collections, debt financing operations, electronic commerce, Governmentwide accounting, Government investment fund management, and other related issues. The Office also performs two critical functions for the Department: It manages the daily cash position of the Government, and it produces the cash and debt forecasts used to determine the size and timing of the Government’s financing operations.

International Finance

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Finance conducts macroeconomic analyses to advise the Under Secretary for International Affairs and other policymakers. The Office also helps them formulate and execute financial and economic policy affecting or involving the International Monetary Fund, the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, the G–20, and other major multilateral and bilateral engagements.

International Markets and Development

The Office of the Assistant Secretary of International Markets and Development manages the work of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States and the Treasury's Office of Technical Assistance. The Office also advises the Under Secretary for International Affairs and other policymakers on financial and economic policies relevant to major bilateral and multilateral engagements, and it assists them with these engagements. The Office plays a similar role in the formulation and execution of policies affecting export finance, financial services, trade, and multilateral development, including the World Bank, the regional development banks, and emerging global issues like food security and climate finance.

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

Office of Technical Assistance

Tax Policy

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy advises and assists the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary in the formulation and execution of domestic and international tax policies and programs. These functions include analysis of proposed tax legislation and tax programs; projections of economic trends affecting tax bases; studies of effects of alternative tax measures; preparation of official estimates of Government receipts for the President's annual budget messages; legal advice and analysis on domestic and international tax matters; assistance in the development and review of tax legislation and domestic and international tax regulations and rulings; and participation in international tax treaty negotiations and in maintenance of relations with international organizations on tax matters.

Treasurer of the United States

The Office of the Treasurer of the United States was established on September 6, 1777. The Treasurer was originally charged with the receipt and custody of Government funds, but many of these functions have been assumed by different bureaus of the Department. In 1981, the Treasurer was assigned responsibility for oversight of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint. The Treasurer reports to the Secretary through the Assistant Secretary for Management.

Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration

The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA), in accordance with the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (26 U.S.C. 1 note), independently oversees Internal Revenue Service programs and activities. TIGTA monitors the Nation's tax laws to ensure that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) acts with efficiency, economy, and effectiveness; ensures compliance with applicable laws and regulations; prevents, detects, and deters fraud, waste, and abuse; investigates activities or allegations related to fraud, waste, and abuse by IRS personnel; and protects the IRS against attempts to corrupt or threaten its employees.

Sources of Information

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that Department of the Treasury records have been assigned to record group 056.

Assistance for Small Businesses

The paycheck protection program provides small businesses with resources for maintaining payroll, hiring back employees who may have been laid off, and covering overhead that is applicable.

For information on small and disadvantaged business activities, visit the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization's web pages. Phone, 202-622-5666.


The Bureaus carry out specific operations assigned to the Department of the Treasury. Bureau employees constitute 98% of its workforce. The Department's website has a "Bureaus" web page that provides easy access to the websites of each of them.

Careers Opportunities

The Department of the Treasury employs over 100,000 professionals nationwide and around the world.

In 2019, the Department of the Treasury ranked number 9 among 17 large Government agencies in the Best Places To Work Agency Rankings.

Contact Information

The "Contact" web page contains information for contacting bureaus, offices, programs, services, and for making inquiries, providing feedback, reporting concerns, and replacing damaged currency.

Members of the media may contact the Department of the Treasury by phone or email. Phone, 202-622-2960. | Email:

Data / Charts

A trove of economic information—charts, data, and tables—is available online.

Educational Resources

The Department of the Treasury's website has learning resources that are suitable for children and parents, for students and teachers, as well as college students and other curious adults.


The "Office of Management and Budget Scorecard on Sustainability/Energy" (2016) for the Department of the Treasury is accessible online in Portable Document Format (PDF).

On October 5, 2009, President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance," which required scorecards to provide "periodic evaluation of Federal agency performance in implementing" the order and publication of the evaluation results on a public website to support transparency and accountability.

Federal Register

Significant documents and documents that the Department of the Treasury recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Financing Government

The Department of the Treasury's debt management policy prioritizes financing the Government at the lowest cost, over time. To learn more about policymaking for financing the Government, explore the debt management resources that the Department has posted.


The "Forms" web page contains links to Government forms that are accessible online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The FOIA gives a right to request access to records of the U.S. Government's executive branch to any person. The records must be disclosed unless they are shielded from request by one or more of the exempt categories of information found in the statute.

The Department of the Treasury maintains an electronic reading room whose holdings are governed by the FOIA.

A FOIA request may be submitted electronically. An information seeker who wants to submit his or her request electronically may choose one of two options: using the governmentwide national FOIA portal or submitting a request directly to the appropriate departmental bureau.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The Department of the Treasury posts answers to FAQs.

General Property Auctions

Information on upcoming sales of aircraft, vehicles, vessels, and general property is posted online.


The Department of the Treasury maintains a list of acronyms and terms that recur on its website.


A trove of historical information on the Department of the Treasury and its building is available online.

A visual and audio tour of the Treasury Building's points of interest is available online. The points of interest on the map are hyperlinked to brief audio descriptions.

Nero was purchased in 1793 to serve as "a Dog for the Yard." He—and his successor watchdogs—accompanied the night watchman, whose duties required him to visit all sectors of the Mint premises every hour. To learn more about these early and faithful Treasury employees, see the "Watchdogs of the Treasury" web page.


The Treasury Library is housed in the Freedman's Bank Building, room 1020. The entrance to the building is located at 720 Madison Place NW., Washington, DC. Members of the public may access the library's holdings by appointment. Visitors must receive clearance from the Secret Service to enter the library. A clearance request must be made at least one business day before a scheduled visit. Consulting with a Treasury librarian in advance of a visit can save time because it helps ensure that relevant materials are readily accessible and available for use. Phone, 202-622-0990.

Press Releases

The Department of the Treasury posts press releases online.

Site Map

The website map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.

Slam the Scam

The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration has produced a flyer that explains a scam involving the impersonation of an Internal Revenue Service employee. The flyer is available in English or Spanish. Phone, 800-366-4484. | Email:

Social Media

The Department of the Treasury maintains a social media presence on Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube.

Social Security / Medicare

The Secretary of the Treasury chairs the Boards of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare trust funds. He or she serves with five other trustees: three trustees from the Federal Government and two public trustees whom the President appoints and the Senate confirms. Each year the trustees provide the U.S. Congress with an accounting of the current and projected financial status of the Social Security and Medicare trust funds. Two reports are issued: One is for Social Security; the other is for Medicare; and both reports are posted on the "Social Security and Medicare Trustee Reports" web page.

Tax Analysis

The staff of the Office of Tax Analysis (OTA) posts original research online in its working papers series. The OTA staff also develops datasets, methods, and models that its uses for policy analysis and estimates. The technical papers series, which is also posted online, presents documentation of these datasets, methods, and models.

Tribal Affairs

The "Tribal Affairs" web page contains links to the "Tribal Consultations" and "Treasury Tribal Advisory Committee" web pages.

Works Progress Administration (WPA) Artwork

A serendipitous consequence of the economic hardship that was caused by the Great Depression, which followed the 1929 stock market collapse, was that Americans started visiting public museums in droves. Having little money for anything other than necessities, they took advantage of free museum admissions, and many were, for the first time, exposed to works of art and responded with appreciation for them. In a cultural moment that the New Deal initiatives of President Franklin D. Roosevelt were shaping, the confluence of a heightened awareness of public art, employment-relief needs of artists, and creation of artwork for new Federal buildings stimulated the establishment of three public arts programs that the Treasury Department administered.

Yield Curves

Information on Treasury Yield Curves for nominal and real coupon issues and its breakeven inflation curve and on the corporate bond yield curve and its relationship to the Pension Protection Act is available on the "Treasury Coupon Issues and Corporate Bond Yield Curves" web page.

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

1310 G Street NW., Box 12, Washington, DC 20005


Deputy AdministratorDavid M. Wulf

The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau enforces the laws regulating alcohol production, importation, and wholesale businesses; tobacco manufacturing and importing businesses; and alcohol labeling and advertising.


On November 25, 2002, President George W. Bush approved Public Law 107–296, which is also cited as the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (116 Stat. 2135). Title XI—Department of Justice Divisions contains a subtitle (116 Stat. 2274–2280) that transferred the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to the Department of Justice, while providing that the tax collection functions were to remain with the Department of the Treasury and be administered by a newly established Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB).

The statute became effective 60 days after the President signed it (116 Stat. 2142) thereby establishing the TTB on January 24, 2003.

The TTB posts an organizational chart on its website.


Codified material from Public Law 107–296 has been assigned to section 531 of 6 U.S.C.

Codified statutory material affecting taxation of distilled spirits, wines, and beer has been assigned to chapter 51 of 26 U.S.C.

Codified statutory material affecting taxation of tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes has been assigned to chapter 52 of 26 U.S.C.

Codified rules and regulations that are associated with the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) have been assigned to chapter 1 of 27 CFR.


The TTB collects Federal alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and ammunition excise taxes; regulates the production, labeling, and advertising of alcohol beverages; and investigates unfair or unlawful trade in alcohol and tobacco products. The Bureau regulates alcohol and tobacco producers, importers, and wholesalers. Regulation of retailers takes place on State and local levels.

Sources of Information

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that records of the TTB have been assigned to record group 564. The TTB was created when the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms was split into two new bureaus and its functions were reassigned and distributed between them. The new Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATFE) and its functions became part of the Department of Justice. The new TTB and its function remained within the Department of the Treasury. Record group 564 does not have a description that currently is associated with it. Records of the ATFE have been assigned to record group 436.

Advertising, Labeling, and Formulation

For information on the advertising, labeling, and formulation of alcohol beverages, contact the Advertising, Labeling and Formulation Division. Phone, 202-453-2250 or 866-927-2533. | Email:

Business Opportunities

The Bureau procures a variety of commercial goods and services each year, using appropriated and nonappropriated funds. The "Contracting with TTB" web page has more information.

Career Opportunities

The TTB has offices nationwide, including in Puerto Rico. Many TTB employees telework full time. To carry out its mission, the Bureau relies on alcohol and tobacco tax specialists, analysts, attorneys, auditors, chemists, investigators,labeling specialists, writers, and other professionals.

Among 420 agency subcomponents, the TTB placed 4th in the Partnership for Public Service's 2019 Best Places To Work rankings!

Consumer Protection

The TTB protects the public by promulgating rules and regulations, collecting information on suspicious activities, and helping to create and enforce laws that promote industry compliance. | Email:

Contact Information

The "Contact the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau" web page contains phone numbers and links to relevant online resources.

Federal Register

Significant documents and documents that the TTB recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Fraud Tipline

To report fraud, diversion, and illegal activity by producers, importers, or wholesalers of alcohol and tobacco, contact the Bureau's tipline. Phone, 855-882-8477. TTD, 202-882-9914. | Email:

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The TTB adheres to the policy and disclosure regulations of the Department of the Treasury for implementing the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) consistently and uniformly and for providing maximum allowable disclosure of agency records upon request. Requests are processed within the time limits defined by the FOIA.

The TTB's website has an electronic reading room containing materials that the FOIA requires the Bureau to maintain. Some records are accessible, by appointment, in the public reading room located at 1310 G Street NW., Washington, DC 20005. Phone, 202-882-9904.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The TTB posts answers to FAQs. | Email:


The TTB maintains a glossary on its website.

Language Links

Information is available on the TTB website in Chinese, Spanish, and French.

In Chinese

En Español

En Français

Name that Grape

Using a grape variety name on an American wine label is optional. Nevertheless, many wineries and bottlers show this information on their labels. The TTB designed its "Grape Variety Designations on American Wine Labels" web page to help explain the rules.

The TTB Administrator has approved a list of grape variety names for use as American wine type designations. This list has been assigned to "Subpart J—American Grape Variety Names" of part 4 in 27 CFR.

National Revenue Center

The National Revenue Center operates a call center that is open on weekdays, 8 a.m.–11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m.–5 p.m., eastern standard time. It can provide information on applications, claims, filing excise tax returns, permits, and other tax collection topics. Phone, 877-882-3277.

News / Events

The TTB posts newsletters, press releases, and other newsworthy items on its website.

Online Help Center

The "Online Help Center" web page has links to information that is relevant for TTB online applications and tools for making certain transactions with TTB easier to complete online.


The "Publications" web page provides convenient access to TTB publications that are found on various pages of the website.

Resources for Research

The "Research Resources" web page provides convenient access to information on the regulatory process, the laws and regulations that the TTB enforces, and on other subjects. It also has industry statistics and historical information.

Startup Tutorial

The TTB posted a tutorial on its website to help entrepreneurs get started in the beer, distilled spirits, tobacco, and wind industries.

Statistics / Data

The "TTB Statistics and Data" web page provides convenient access to accurate and timely statistics and data. The page has statistics on industry production and operations, TTB tax collections, and processing times for applications, labeling approval, permits, and requests for information. It also has tax rates and analysis tools like conversion charts and the Bureau's formula approval tool.

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

Fourteenth and C Streets SW., Washington, DC 20228


DIRECTORLeonard R. Olijar
Deputy Director(vacancy)

The Bureau of Engraving and Printing operates on basic authorities conferred by act of July 11, 1862 (31 U.S.C. 303), and on additional authorities contained in past appropriations made to the Bureau that are still in force. A revolving fund established in 1950, in accordance with Public Law 81–656, finances the Bureau's operations. The Secretary of the Treasury selects the Director who heads the Bureau.

The Bureau designs, prints, and finishes all of the Nation's paper currency and many other security documents, including White House invitations and military identification cards. It also is responsible for advising and assisting Federal agencies in the design and production of other Government documents that, because of their innate value or for other reasons, require security or counterfeit-deterrence characteristics.

The Bureau also operates a second currency manufacturing plant at 9000 Blue Mound Road, Fort Worth, TX. Phone, 817-231-4000.

Sources of Information

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that BEP records have been assigned to record group 318.

Business Opportunities

For information on contracts and small business activities, visit the "Doing Business with the BEP" Web page or contact the Office of Acquisition. Phone, 202-874-2065.

Career Opportunities

The BEP relies on acquisition specialists, administrative staff, attorneys, chemists, engineers, police officers, security specialists, and other professionals to carry out its mission.

Among 420 agency subcomponents, the BEP placed 113th in the Partnership for Public Service's 2019 Best Places To Work rankings.

Contact Information

Email and postal addresses and phone numbers for the BEP facilities in Washington, DC, and Fort Worth, TX, are posted on the "Contact Us" web page.

Currency Production

The production of U.S. currency involves highly trained and skilled craftspeople, specialized equipment, and a combination of traditional old world printing techniques merged with sophisticated, cutting edge technology. To learn more about the process, visit the "How Money is Made" Web page.

Educational Resources

The U.S. currency education program offers free educational and training resources online.

Federal Register

Documents that the BEP recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Federal Reserve

The BEP provides answers to some common questions about the Federal Reserve.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

All Federal agencies, including the BEP, create and receive records when carrying out their missions. The FOIA gives the right to access executive branch agency records to the public. The BEP makes available, upon written request, records or extracts of records in accordance with the FOIA, the Privacy Act, and certain regulations of the Department of the Treasury. The FOIA contains, however, exemptions that shield some records from request and disclosure. Phone, 202-874-2500. Fax, 202-874-2951.

The BEP maintains an electronic FOIA library.


The BEP posted a 11-page booklet in Portable Document Format (PDF) for viewing and downloading. "About BEP" contains a section on the Bureau's history and has images illustrating the activities, history, and products of the Bureau.

The "Image Gallery" web page contains four sections: artwork, engravings, photographs, and products.

Lifespan of Paper Money

The estimated lifespans of one, five, ten, twenty, fifty and one hundred dollar notes are posted in an online table.

Mail Order Sales

Uncut sheets of currency, engraved Presidential portraits, historical engravings of national landmarks, and other souvenirs and mementos are available for purchase by phone and online. Phone, 800-456-3408.


The BEP posts press releases online.

Serial Numbers

A short explanation of the serial numbers that are printed on notes is available in the "Resources" section.


BEP public tours have been suspended as a precaution to limit the spread of COVID–19.

Bureau of the Fiscal Service

401 Fourteenth Street SW., Washington, DC 20227


COMMISSIONERMatthew J. Miller, Acting

Deputy Commissioners

Deputy Commissioners
Accounting and Shared ServicesDara Seaman, Acting
Finance and AdministrationDara Seaman, Acting
Financial Services and OperationsJeffrey J. Schramek

The above list of key personnel was updated 4–2021.

The above list of key personnel was updated 4–2021.

The Bureau of the Fiscal Service provides central payment services to Federal program agencies, operates the Federal Government's collections and deposit systems, provides Governmentwide accounting and reporting services, manages the collection of delinquent debt owed to the Federal Government, borrows the money needed to operate the Federal Government, accounts for the resulting public debt, and gives reimbursable support to Federal agencies.


The Fiscal Service gathers and publishes Governmentwide financial information that is used by the public and private sectors to monitor the Government's financial status and establish fiscal and monetary policies. These publications include the "Daily Treasury Statement," "Monthly Treasury Statement," "Treasury Bulletin," "U.S. Government Annual Report," and "Financial Report of the U.S. Government."


The Fiscal Service administers the world's largest collection system, processing more than 400 million transactions through the support of six Federal Reserve Banks and a network of over 100 financial institutions. In Fiscal Year 2012, the Fiscal Service collected over $3.16 trillion in Federal revenues from individual and corporate income tax deposits, customs duties, loan repayments, fines, proceeds from leases, as well as from other revenue sources.

The Fiscal Service and Internal Revenue Service manage the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), which allows individuals and businesses to pay Federal taxes online. The EFTPS website has printable acknowledgment features for documenting transactions, advance payment scheduling, and payment history access.

The Treasury Offset Program is one of the methods used to collect delinquent debt. The Fiscal Service uses the program to withhold Federal payments, such as Federal income tax refunds, Federal salary payments, and Social Security benefits, to recipients with delinquent debts, including past-due child support obligations and State and Federal income tax debt.

Debt Financing

The Bureau auctions and issues Treasury bills, notes, and bonds and manages the sales and redemption of savings bonds. It provides daily and other periodic reports to account for the composition and size of the debt. In addition, the Bureau implements the regulations for the Government securities market. These regulations provide for investor protection while maintaining a fair and liquid market for Government securities.

Do Not Pay

The Do Not Pay Business Center has a two-part vision for programs administered or funded by the Federal Government: to help prevent and stop improper payments from being made and to identify and mitigate fraud, waste, and abuse. The goal of the program is to integrate Do Not Pay into existing business processes by providing agencies with access to current data that are relevant for making an award or payment decision.

Electronic Commerce

Through its electronic money programs, the Fiscal Service offers new payment and collection technologies to help Federal agencies modernize their cash management activities. Examples include stored-value cards used on military bases, point-of-sale check conversion, and online credit card collection programs.


Each year, the Fiscal Service disburses more than one billion non-Defense payments to a wide variety of recipients, such as those individuals who receive Social Security, IRS tax refunds, and veterans' benefits. In Fiscal Year 2012, the Fiscal Service issued more than $2.4 trillion in payments, 88 percent of which were issued electronically.

Shared Services

The Administrative Resource Center delivers franchise services on a reimbursable basis to more than 85 Treasury and Federal Government agencies. The Center provides services in six areas: financial management, investment accounting, human resources, information technology, procurement, and travel.

Sources of Information

A–Z Index

The Fiscal Service's website has an alphabetical and comprehensive list of links to the Bureau's major programs and services.

Career Opportunities

The Fiscal Service relies on accountants, administrators, business and finance experts, information technology specialists, and others to carry out mission.

Among 411 agency subcomponents, the Fiscal Service placed 50th in the Partnership for Public Service's 2020 Best Places To Work rankings.

Do Not Pay

The Do Not Pay Business Center supports Federal agencies in their efforts to reduce the number of improper payments. Data, information, and resources are available on its website.

Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS)

The EFTPS professionals post answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) online.

Federal Register

Documents that the Fiscal Service recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The FOIA gives the right to request information from the Federal Government's executive branch agencies to any person. It is sometimes referred to as the law that keeps citizens in the know about their Government. The Fiscal Service posts a lot of information on its website for the public's benefit and convenience. Before submitting a FOIA request in writing, information seekers should search the website for the desired information. It may be accessible immediately and free of charge.

The Fiscal Service maintains an electronic reading room to support the FOIA.


A governmentwide treasury account symbol glossary is available online.

The EFTPS website has a glossary of terms and common acronyms.

The Treasury Direct website has a glossary of terms.

Government-to-Government Shared Services

The Administrative Resource Center provides Federal agencies with cost-effective, customer-focused, responsive administrative support.


A short history of the Fiscal Service is available at the bottom of the "About Us" webpage.

The Treasury Direct website uses historical images to tell the story of U.S. Savings Bonds from their introduction in 1935 to the second decade of the 21st century.


The Fiscal Service posts news items and press releases online.

Public Debt Outstanding

The Treasury Direct website has monthly statements of the public debt. For example, on October 31, 2021, the total public debt outstanding was approximately $28,908,765,000,000.

Reports / Publications

The monthly "Statement of the Public Debt of the United States" and "Treasury Statement of Receipts and Outlays of the U.S. Government," as well as the annual "Financial Report of the U.S. Government," and other publications are available on the Fiscal Service's website.

Savings Bonds

Savings bonds may be purchased and held in an online account. Current rate information is available online or by calling 800-487-2663. Requests for information on all series of savings bonds, savings notes, and retirement plans or individual retirement bonds should be addressed to the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, Division of Customer Assistance, PO Box 7012, Parkersburg, WV 26106-7012. Phone, 304-480-7711.

Treasury Securities

For information on the purchase of Treasury bills, bonds, and notes, contact the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, Division of Customer Assistance, PO Box 7015, Parkersburg, WV 26106-7015. Phone, 800-722-2678.

Internal Revenue Service

1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224


Chief of StaffKevin Q. McIver

Deputy Commissioners

Deputy Commissioners
Operations SupportJeffrey Tribiano
Services and EnforcementSunita Lough

The Office of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue was established by act of July 1, 1862 (26 U.S.C. 7802). The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) administers and enforces the internal revenue laws and related statutes, except those relating to alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and explosives. It collects the proper amount of tax revenue, at the least cost to the public, by efficiently applying the tax law with integrity and fairness. The IRS aims for the highest possible degree of voluntary compliance in accordance with the tax laws and regulations; advises the public of their rights and responsibilities; determines the extent of compliance and the causes of noncompliance; properly administers and enforces the tax laws; and continually searches for and implements new, more efficient ways of accomplishing its mission. The IRS ensures satisfactory resolution of taxpayer complaints; provides taxpayer service and education; determines, assesses, and collects internal revenue taxes; determines pension plan qualifications and exempt organization status; and prepares and issues rulings and regulations to supplement the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.

Most of the collected revenues depend on the individual income tax and the social insurance and retirement taxes. Other major revenue sources are corporate income, excise, estate, and gift taxes. The 16th Amendment of the Constitution, ratified on February 3, 1913, gave Congress the authority to levy taxes on the income of individuals and corporations.

Sources of Information

Business Opportunities

Information on and resources for doing business with the IRS are available on its "Procurement" Web page. | Email:

Career Opportunities

To carry out its mission, the IRS relies on accountants, appeals officers, artificial intelligence analysts, attorneys, budget analysts, computer research analysts, contact representatives, data transcribers, engineers, human resources specialists, information technology specialists, internal revenue agents and officers, mathematical statisticians, operations research analysts, policy analysts, program analysts, risk analysts, special agents, tax compliance officers, tax examiners, tax law specialists, and other professionals.

In 2020, the IRS ranked 223d among 411 agency subcomponents in the Partnership for Public Service's Best Places To Work Agency Rankings.

Charities / Nonprofits

Tax information for charities and nonprofit organizations is available online.

Contact Information

At the bottom of its "Let Us Help You" web page, the IRS posts phone numbers for those who seek assistance.

Forms / Publications

Current forms, instructions, and publications may be downloaded from the IRS's website.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson's approval of the FOIA gave the right to access documents or records belonging to the executive branch of the Federal Government to any person. The statute is based on the presumption that the Government and its information belong to the public. The IRS may withhold, however, documents or records shielded from disclosure by one of the statute's nine exemptions, and it must withhold them when disclosure is prohibited by law.

The IRS maintains an online library whose contents are arranged by subject category.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The IRS posts answers to FAQs.

Identity Theft

The IRS responds to tax-related identity theft with an aggressive strategy of prevention, detection, and victim assistance. The IRS continues to make progress against this crime, and it remains one of the agency's highest priorities. The IRS is committed to helping victims of identity theft resolve their cases as quickly as possible.

Language Resources

Assistance in additional languages is available on the "Languages" web page.


The IRS posts news items online.

Reading Rooms

Public reading rooms are located in the national office and in each territory office.

Retirement Plans

The IRS website has resources for and a trove of information on retirement plans.

Tax Assistance

The IRS provides taxpayers with year-round tax information and assistance, primarily through its website and toll-free telephone system. Answers to many tax-related questions can be found on the IRS's website. The toll-free telephone numbers are listed in local telephone directories and in the annual tax form packages. The telephone system can accommodate the needs of taxpayers who are deaf or hearing-impaired. Taxpayers may also visit IRS offices to find answers to their tax questions. Individual preparation is available for handicapped or other individuals unable to use the group preparation method. Tax assistance in a foreign language is also available at many locations.

To find the nearest taxpayer assistance center, type a ZIP Code in the text box of the online locator tool. Before going to a taxpayer assistance center for help, call and schedule an appointment.

Taxpayer Advocate Service

Each district has problem resolution personnel to address taxpayer complaints that cannot be resolved through regular channels.

Taxpayer Rights

The taxpayer bill of rights is available on the IRS's website.

Tax Statistics

The IRS posts articles, data, and tables that describe and measure elements of the U.S. tax system.

Tax Tools

Tax tools are available for individual taxpayers, businesses, and tax professionals on the "Tools" web page.

Where's My Refund?

Once the IRS processes a tax filer's return and approves a refund, he or she can check the refund date online. The IRS usually issues a refund in fewer than 21 days after receiving a tax filer's return. Some returns, however, require additional review and, therefore, additional time to process.

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

400 7th Street SW., Washington, DC 20219


COMPTROLLERMichael J. Hsu, Acting
Senior Deputy ComptrollersGregory J. Coleman
Grovetta N. Gardineer
Larry L. Hattix
Benjamin W. McDonough
Sydney Menefee
Kathy K. Murphy
Blake Paulson


The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) was created on February 25, 1863 (12 Stat. 665), as a bureau of the Department of the Treasury. In 1929, with the issuance of the last national bank notes, the OCC essentially became an organization of national bank examiners with a singular mission: to maintain the safety and soundness of the banks under its supervision. In 2011, when the Office of Thrift Supervision integrated into the OCC, the bureau also assumed responsibility for regulating Federal savings associations, also referred to as Federal thrifts.

The Comptroller of the Currency, whom the President appoints to a 5-year term by the advice of the Senate and with its consent, administers the Federal banking system and serves as the chief officer of the OCC and as a director of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

The OCC's statement of organization has been codified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and assigned to part 4 of 12 CFR.

A number of departments and offices that are under the leadership of the Comptroller and senior deputy comptrollers provide the organizational structure for carrying out the OCC's mission.


Statutory material affecting the Comptroller of the Currency has been consolidated and codified in the United States Code (U.S.C.). This material has been assigned to the first chapter, sections 1–16, of 12 U.S.C.

Rules and regulations that are associated with the Comptroller of the Currency have been consolidated and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). These rules and regulations have been assigned to the first chapter, parts 1–199, of 12CFR.


The OCC regulates national banks and Federal thrifts by examining them; approving or denying applications for new charters, branches, capital, and other changes in corporate or banking structure; taking enforcement actions—removing officers and directors, negotiating agreements to change practices, and issuing cease and desist orders and civil monetary penalties—when national banks and Federal thrifts fail to comply with laws and regulations or when they engage in unsound practices; and issuing rules, regulations, interpretations, and corporate decisions that govern investments, lending, and other practices.

The bureau supervises over 1,100 national banks, Federal savings associations, and Federal branches, including their trust activities and overseas operations. A nationwide team of bank examiners works under the supervision of four district offices. National banks and Federal thrifts pay for their examinations, as well as for the processing of their corporate applications.

Assessments on national banks and Federal savings associations cover most OCC operating expenses. The OCC also benefits from some investment income, primarily from U.S. Treasury securities.

Sources of Information


The OCC posts counterfeiting, fictitious correspondence, fraudulent issuances, misrepresentation, and unauthorized banking activity alerts.

Alphabetical Topics List

Online visitors may browse the contents of the "Topics" web page by using an alphabetized list or by subject area.|tab-accordion-wrpr2

Annual Reports

The "2020 Annual Report" is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF) for downloading. Starting with the year 2003, earlier annual reports are available, too.

Answers / Solutions

The "HelpWithMyBank" website has information and resources to help customers of national banks and Federal savings associations find answers to questions and solutions for problems.

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that OCC records have been assigned to record group 101.


Starting with the year 1994 and continuing to the present, OCC bulletins are accessible online. Rescinded and some pre-1994 bulletins are also included in the collection.

Business Opportunities

Procurement awards typically fall within the following service categories: computer-related services; computer facilities management services; computer systems design services; data processing, hosting, and related services; real estate agent and broker services; insurance agency and brokerage services; and administrative management and general management consulting services. | Email:

Career Opportunities

The OCC relies on accountants, attorneys, economists, financial analysts, human resources specialists, information technology specialists, project management analysts, and other professionals, particularly bank examiners, to carry out its mission. For more information, contact the Director for Human Resources Operations. Phone, 202-649-6590. Fax, 202-649-5998.

National bank examiners work to ensure the safety and soundness of America's national banking system, to provide fair access to financial services and equal treatment, and to establish and maintain a flexible regulatory framework that allows the Nation's banks to be competitive. The OCC generally hires examiners at the entry level through college recruitment.

In 2020, the OCC ranked 87th among 411 agency subcomponents in the Partnership for Public Service's Best Places To Work Agency Rankings.

Consumer Protection

The OCC posts information and resources on its website to protect consumers.

Contact Information

The "Contact the OCC" web page has informational resources for contacting the agency.

Customer Complaints

An online form is available for submitting a complaint against a national bank or Federal savings association.

District and Field Offices

Contact information for district and field offices is available online.

Federal Register

Significant documents and documents that the OCC recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The FOIA serves as the vehicle for obtaining Federal agency documents and records. The statute does contain, however, nine exemptions and three special law enforcement exclusions that shield some documents and records, or parts of them, from disclosure.

The electronic reading room contains documents that attract public interest and have been the subject of FOIA requests in the past.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Answers to FAQs on checking accounts, credit cards, credit reports, mortgages, overdraft fees, and more are posted on the "HelpWithMyBank" website.


A dictionary of banking terms and phrases is available on the "HelpWithMyBank" website.

A list of abbreviations and acronyms is available on the OCC's website in Portable Document Format (PDF).


The OCC's role in the Federal banking system started in a tumultuous year, near the midpoint of the American Civil War. On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln emancipated over 3 million men, women, and children by signing the Emancipation Proclamation. Fifty-five days later, he added his signature to the National Currency Act, which established the OCC and charged it with responsibility for organizing and administering a system of nationally chartered banks and a uniform national currency. After 1913, its mission increasingly centered on the safety and soundness of national banks. To learn more about the agency's development over the past 155 years, see the "Founding of the OCC and the National Banking System" web page.

On March 3, 1865, Congress enacted legislation to establish the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, which came to be known as the Freedmen's Bureau. On that same day, it chartered the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, or Freedman's Savings Bank (FSB), to meet a growing need for financial services among African Americans. To learn more about the intertwining histories of the OCC and FSB, read the online article by former OCC historian Jesse Stiller.

Minority Outreach

The OCC's External Outreach and Minority Affairs division maintains a "Minority Outreach" web page.


The OCC posts news releases on its website.


The "Publications" web page allows visitors to browse OCC publications by collection, subject area, or recent dates of publication.

Public Information on Banks

Federal bank regulators post public information on individual banks. The OCC's website provides convenient access to the websites of these regulators.

The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council's website has a searchable database for identifying the Federal bank regulatory agency that oversees a particular bank or financial institution.

Site Map

The careers section has a site map of its web pages.

The "HelpWithMyBank" website has its own site map.

Social Media

The OCC tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.

The OCC has a Facebook account.

The OCC posts videos on its YouTube channel.


The "Tools" web page brings together in one place all of the tools that are available on the OCC website.

United States Mint

801 Ninth Street NW., Washington, DC 20220


DIRECTORDavid J. Ryder
Deputy DirectorFrancis O'Hearn, Acting

The establishment of a mint was authorized by act of April 2, 1792 (1 Stat. 246). The Bureau of the Mint was established by act of February 12, 1873 (17 Stat. 424), and recodified on September 13, 1982 (31 U.S.C. 304, 5131). The name was changed to United States Mint by Secretarial order on January 9, 1984.

The primary mission of the Mint is to produce an adequate volume of circulating coinage for the Nation to conduct its trade and commerce. The Mint also produces and sells numismatic coins, American Eagle gold and silver bullion coins, and national medals. The Fort Knox Bullion Depository is the primary storage facility for the Nation's gold bullion.

The U.S. Mint maintains sales centers at the Philadelphia and Denver Mints and at its headquarters on 9th Street in Washington, DC. Public tours are conducted, with free admission, at the Philadelphia and Denver Mints.

Sources of Information

Archived Records

The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that Mint records have been assigned to record group 104.


The artistic infusion program enriches and invigorates coin and medal designs by contracting with a pool of American artists from diverse backgrounds and having a variety of interests. These artists collaborate with the Mint's sculptor-engravers to create and submit new designs for U.S. coins and medals.

Bullion Dealers

The Mint's website has a locator tool for finding U.S. Mint bullion sellers by city and State or by ZIP Code.

Career Opportunities

The Mint offers a wide range of career opportunities. An innovative, progressive bureau in the Department of the Treasury, it operates six facilities nationwide and employees professionals with backgrounds in financial management, information technology, manufacturing, protection, sales and marketing, workforce solutions, and other fields.

Among 411 agency subcomponents, the Mint placed 148th in the Partnership for Public Service's 2020 Best Places To Work rankings.

Coin of the Year

The Mint celebrated its 225th anniversary in 2017. To mark the occasion, it created the 2017 American Liberty 225th Anniversary Gold Coin, which features a modern rendition of Lady Liberty. Emblematic figures of liberty have graced American coins since the Mint's founding in 1792. The newest Lady Liberty is a modern rendition of this iconic figure, who embodies equality and freedom, ideals that the Nation's Declaration of Independence enshrined.

Contact Information

The Mint's "Contact Us" web page has phone numbers and postal addresses. It also provides convenient access to an electronic "Contact Us" form that has a comment box. | Email:

Customer Service

Mint employees work hard to provide exceptional customer service. To contact the Mint, with questions or concerns about shopping, an order, or another matter, please use the "Live Chat" feature or call customer service. Answers to questions also are provided on the "Frequently Asked Questions" web page. Phone, 800-872-6468. | Email:

Educational Resources

The Mint's website offers learning resources for children, educators, and parents.


The U.S. Mint operates four mints (CA, CO, NY, PA), one depository (KY), and maintains its headquarters in Washington, DC.

Federal Register

Documents that the Mint recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

To any person, the FOIA gives a statutory right for obtaining access to Government information in the records of executive branch agencies. This right to access is limited, however, when the requested information is shielded from disclosure by any of nine exemptions contained within the statute.

The Mint's electronic reading room contains records that are frequently requested under the FOIA.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The Mint posts answers to FAQs on its website.


The H.I.P. Pocket Change website features a coin glossary.


On April 2, 1792, the U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act, establishing the first national mint in the United States. Over two centuries later, one of the Federal Government's oldest agencies continues to serve the American public. To learn more about the U.S. Mint, visit its "History" web page.

A timeline of the Mint that stretches from the 18th to 21st century is available online.

How Are Coins Made?

An animated overview of the six-step coin manufacturing process—blanking, annealing, upsetting, striking, inspecting, and counting and bagging—is available on the "Coins" web page..

Image Library

High-resolution images of coins and medals are available on the Mint's website. For information on the use of these images, contact the Office of Licensing. Phone, 202-354-7350. Fax, 202-756-6585. | Email:


National medals commemorate significant historical events or sites and honor individuals whose superior deeds and achievements have enriched American history or the world. Some national medals are bronze duplicates of Congressional Gold Medals that Congress authorizes under separate Public Laws, and others are produced under the Secretary of the Treasury's authority to strike them.


The Mint posts articles and press releases online. The Mint maintains a public inquiry phone line for its Office of Corporate Communications. Phone, 202-354-7227. | Email:

Online Resources

The "Website Resources" web page has a collection of helpful internal and external links.

Production / Sales

The Mint produces circulating coins for commerce, numismatic coins for collectors, and bullion coins for investors. Quantities are measured in terms of production figures when referring to circulating coins, sales figures when referring to numismatic products, and sales and mintage figures when referring to bullion.


Annual and special reports are available online in Portable Document Format (PDF).


The Mint returned nearly $550 million in seigniorage—the difference between the face value and the manufacturing cost of a circulating coin—to the Department of the Treasury's general fund in 2020. The Mint publishes seigniorage information each year in its annual report.

Site Map

The website map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.

Social Media

The Mint maintains a Facebook account.

The Mint tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on its Twitter account.

The Mint posts videos on its YouTube channel.