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The United States Government Manual
Falls Church, VA 22041
|DIRECTOR||James R. McHenry III|
The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), under a delegation of authority from the Attorney General, is charged with adjudicating matters brought under various immigration statutes before its three administrative tribunals: the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge, the Board of Immigration Appeals, and the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer.
The Office of the Chief Immigration Judge provides overall direction for more than 300 immigration judges located in 58 immigration courts throughout the Nation. Immigration judges are responsible for conducting formal administrative proceedings and act independently in their decision-making capacity. Their decisions are administratively final, unless appealed or certified to the BIA.
In removal proceedings, an immigration judge determines whether an alien should be removed or allowed to remain in the United States. Judges are located throughout the United States, and each judge has jurisdiction to consider various forms of relief available under the law.
The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals from certain decisions made by immigration judges and by district directors of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). In addition, the BIA is responsible for hearing appeals involving disciplinary actions against attorneys and representatives before DHS and EOIR.
Decisions of the BIA are binding on all DHS officers and immigration judges unless modified or overruled by the Attorney General or a Federal court. All BIA decisions are subject to judicial review in Federal court. The majority of appeals reaching the BIA involve orders of removal and applications for relief from removal. Other cases before the BIA include petitions to classify the status of alien relatives for the issuance of preference immigrant visas, fines imposed upon carriers for the violation of the immigration laws, and motions for reopening or reconsideration of decisions previously rendered.
The Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (OCAHO) is headed by a Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (CAHO), who is responsible for the general supervision and management of administrative law judges (ALJs). OCAHO ALJs preside at hearings that are mandated by provisions of immigration law concerning allegations of unlawful employment of aliens, employment eligibility verification violations (“employer sanctions), unfair immigration-related employment practices, and immigration document fraud. ALJ decisions in employer sanctions and document fraud cases may be reviewed by the CAHO and the Attorney General, and all OCAHO cases may be appealed to the appropriate U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
The "Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States" indicates that EOIR records have been assigned to record group 582. The guide does not contain, however, a description that is currently associated with this record group.https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/index-numeric/501-to-600.html
Phone numbers and email and postal addresses are available on the "Contact EOIR" web page.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/contact-eoir | Email: PAO.EOIR@usdoj.gov
Significant documents and documents that the EOIR recently published in the Federal Register are accessible online.https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/executive-office-for-immigration-review
The "EOIR Forms" web page has most of the forms that one needs for filing with the Board of Immigration Appeals, the Immigration Courts, and the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/forms
To any person, the FOIA gives a statutory right for obtaining access to Government information in the records of executive branch agencies. This right to access is limited, however, when the requested information is shielded from disclosure by any of nine exemptions contained within the statute. The EOIR maintains four electronic libraries: archived resources, frequently requested agency records, proactive disclosures, and reference materials. Before submitting a FOIA request, an information seeker should browse these library collections to verify that the desired information is not available, immediately and free of charge.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/freedom-information-act-foia
An alphabetical list of immigration courts, which are arranged by State and by cities within a State, is available online.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/eoir-immigration-court-listing
The "Find Legal Representation" web page has resources for those seeking representation.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/find-legal-representation
A virtual law library that serves as a complement to the Law Library and Immigration Research Center is available online.https://www.justice.gov/eoir/virtual-law-library
The EOIR has a Facebook account.https://www.facebook.com/doj.eoir
The EOIR tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.https://twitter.com/DOJ_EOIR
The Sources of Information were updated 7–2020.
Suite 6002, 600 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20579
|COMMISSIONER||Anuj C. Desai|
|COMMISSIONER||Sylvia M. Becker|
The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States is a quasi-judicial, independent agency within the Department of Justice, which adjudicates claims of U.S. nationals against foreign governments, either under specific jurisdiction conferred by Congress or the Department of State or pursuant to international claims settlement agreements. The decisions of the Commission are final and are not reviewable under any standard by any court or other authority. Funds for payment of the Commission's awards are derived from congressional appropriations, international claims settlements, or the liquidation of foreign assets in the United States by the Departments of Justice and the Treasury.
The Commission also has authority to receive, determine the validity and amount, and provide for the payment of claims by members of the U.S. Armed Services and civilians held as prisoners of war or interned by a hostile force in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam conflict or by the survivors of such servicemembers and civilians.
The Commission is also responsible for maintaining records and responding to inquiries related to the various claims programs it has conducted against the Governments of Albania, Bulgaria, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Ethiopia, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Panama, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, Vietnam, and Yugoslavia, as well as those authorized under the War Claims Act of 1948 and other statutes.
General information on career opportunities is available on the Department of Justice's "Careers" Web page. For additional information on attorney positions, contact the Office of the Chief Counsel, 600 E Street NW., Suite 6002, Washington, DC 20579. Phone, 202-616-6975.http://www.justice.gov/careers
Annual reports, starting with the year 2008, are available on the "Publications" Web page.http://www.justice.gov/fcsc/publications
The reading room is located at 600 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20579. Phone, 202-616-6975.
For further information, contact the Office of the Chairman, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, Department of Justice, Suite 6002, 600 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20579. Phone, 202-616-6975. Fax, 202-616-6993.
935 N. Street NE., Washington, DC 20530
|DIRECTOR||Ronald L. Davis|
The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) was established to assist law enforcement agencies in enhancing public safety through the implementation of community policing strategies. The Office gives assistance by providing training to enhance law enforcement officers' problem-solving and community interaction skills and helping law enforcement and community members develop initiatives to prevent crime; increasing the number of law enforcement officers directly interacting with communities; and supporting the development of new technologies to shift law enforcement's focus to preventing crime and disorder within communities.
To sign up to receive email updates on COPS employment opportunities, visit the "Careers" Web page.http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/careers
COPS grants and funding opportunities support State, local, and tribal law enforcement efforts to advance community policing. Current applicant and grantee information—announcements, fiscal year grant programs, current funding opportunities, and resources for grantees—is available online.http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/grants
For further information, contact the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Department of Justice, 935 N Street NE., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-514-2058.
145 N Street NE., Suite 10W–121, Washington, DC 20530
|DIRECTOR||Nadine M. Neufville, Acting|
The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) was established in 1995 to reduce violence against women through the implementation of the Violence Against Women Act. The Office administers financial and technical assistance to communities that are developing programs, policies, and practices to end domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Information on employment and internship opportunities is available online.http://www.justice.gov/ovw/careers
Portable Document Format (PDF) files of selected publications are available online.http://www.justice.gov/ovw/selected-publications
For further information, contact the Office on Violence Against Women, 145 N Street NE., Suite 10W–121, Washington, DC, 20530. Phone, 202-307-6026.
90 K Street NE., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-346-7000.
|CHAIR||J. Patricia Wilson Smoot|
The U.S. Parole Commission (USPC) makes parole release decisions for eligible Federal and District of Columbia prisoners; authorizes methods of release and conditions under which release occurs; prescribes, modifies, and monitors compliance with the terms and conditions governing offenders' behavior while on parole or mandatory or supervised release; issues warrants for violation of supervision; determines probable cause for the revocation process; revokes parole, mandatory, or supervised release; releases from supervision those offenders who are no longer a risk to public safety; and promulgates the rules, regulations, and guidelines for the exercise of USPC's authority and the implementation of a national parole policy.
USPC has sole jurisdiction over the following: Federal offenders who committed offenses before November 1, 1987; DC Code offenders who committed offenses before August 5, 2000; DC Code offenders sentenced to a term of supervised release; Uniform Code of Military Justice offenders who are in Bureau of Prison's custody; transfer treaty cases; and State probationers and parolees in the Federal Witness Protection Program.
The Commission maintains an online FOIA library. Information on Freedom of Information Act requests is available online.http://www.justice.gov/uspc/freedom-information-act-foia/foia-library
The reading room is located at 90 K Street NE., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-346-7000.
For further information, contact the U.S. Parole Commission, Department of Justice, 90 K Street NE., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-346-7000.